March 9th, 2014
This winter has been awful for record cold, snow falls and even Atlanta, Georgia has experienced two major ice storms this year. I was hoping to stay warm in the Hilton Head area of South Carolina, a great option for its environmentally friendly ways as home to sea turtles. In homage to those turtles, Hilton Head Island is free of those harsh lights familiar to all of us in the streets of our towns and cities. When I heard an ice storm was approaching a couple of weeks ago, I reserved a room at one of their Inns and left the campgrounds I often used in that area.
As an asthmatic, I wear a mask in lieu of taking medications offering heavy side effects. I was vastly grateful for those masks when this rather mild storm turned into a nightmare. The ice accumulation was almost nil as the temperatures hovered around the freezing mark and anything on the ground was destined to melt shortly. To my horror, I began wheezing inside my motel room and went to sit in my car. Having no idea what caustic fumes had led me outdoors, those same fumes began to accumulate all around the outer areas of the Inn. Driving into town, I found that the ice was not sticking to the surface, rain being uppermost in the messy downpour. However, the entire Island was encased in mist that tasted of salt. A dark area near an intersection was being crossed by a couple, although I was unable to make out their features. They were talking about ammonium salts being in use.
This is patently inappropriate for protected wetlands and this low elevation. The run-off is a pollutant and the salts themselves are harmful to the plant life of this lush oasis of the southern coastline. Choking, I heeded their words and left the region. It was two days before the fumes cleared completely and a woman working at a store where I shopped mentioned how the salt left near her apartment complex had become a considerable annoyance.
It seemed likely an EPA complaint had already been made by concerned citizens of this area but I decided to file one myself after researching the health effects of ammonium salts (NH4 chemical base) on humans and animals. I sent the following report to that agency. Their website notes it is unlikely they will tell complainants of the outcome of an investigation but island dwellers might find it useful to read it. Below that report are some relevant webpages regarding these compounds.
To the EPA, re: Unknown Air Release
I was driving on the William Hilton Parkway into the center of Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, prepared to rent a hotel room at a Quality Inn where I’ve previously rented rooms. Upon crossing the bridge onto the island, my asthmatic condition immediately became aggravated. There was a strong corrosive odor that appeared to be similar to the particulates encountered near salt water but this wasn’t near the ocean or familiar to me as a frequent visitor. After the recent ice storm, I know salt had been put down in some areas, which seemed rather odd because salt is not permitted at elevations so close to sea level. This is also an environmentally protected wetlands area. As I passed nearby Simmonsville road (?), I believe I heard two people talking and distinctly heard one person mention ammonium salts being a problem. It was very dark (few street lights on the island) so I cannot describe them and only know it was a male voice. The pollution was too much for my asthma and I abandoned any intention of remaining on the island and left feeling quite ill. This is being written on Sunday evening, 9:40 PM. I hope you will be able to take a particulate count on the island and determine if a hazard exists or further action is indicated. Thank you for your attention.
Ammonium salts/ice melt can be hazardous to pets, plants and a source of water pollution due to chloride content.